It was almost an accepted part of writing. The ethics of writing has changed. Nobody gets upset about whether Shakespeare plagiarized something. But I think the standards have to be pretty high now, particularly for non-fiction writers. According to most leading authorities, including The Office of Research Integrity, plagiarism includes "both the theft or misrepresentation of intellectual property and the substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work.
For example, in some cultures, as well as in some other time periods, the idea of plagiarism is not always clear; however, in this context, the chief concern is using plagiarism in academic custom writing, which is quite different from what defines plagiarism within different societies. In either situation, plagiarism is considered a wrongful act towards the initial piece of work, and when a writer does not provide adequate credit for the a portion of written material, it can often lead to terrible consequences.
Essentially, there are three basic forms of plagiarism, according to the Office of Research Integrity:. Additionally, plagiarism is a concept that seems to becoming more prevalent in today's society, particularly within the area of Higher Education in the western civilizations where a great deal of research has been competed and published.
In order to correctly both identify and define plagiarism, it is important to understand that there are different perceptions and opinions with respect to students and the "world" in which they live. In a research document authored by Macdonald in , any resolution to this dilemma rests within the perceptions and opinions of the students. For example, during a study reported in the Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, there were twelve students involved in the study who then reported their own individual feelings about plagiarism.
According to some authorities, much of the ideas concerning plagiarism, in fact, are learned early in life, when students have no choice but to use what others say to depict their own thoughts.
In the first set of students, each one experienced anxiety concerning the morality of stealing another person's work for individual gain; the second set of students reflected upon academic development as a movement towards a dependence upon more respected authors to help promote their own gain; and the third set of students were art majors and therefore, they had a self-reliant discipline when it pertains to using another person's art in the promotion of individual art.
Plagiarism is evident in both journalistic work as well as academic work, and each has its own ramifications. One such example although in the spoken word is when H. Joachim Maitre, dean of Boston University journalism school delivered a commencement address, using quotations from Michael Medved, a film critic, but without providing proper attribution as to the source of the material. However, when plagiarism is found within the academic world, the ramifications can have more dangerous results, as noted in the following passage written in When plagiarism was first identified as a problem in society, it occurred only after the printing press and publications were developed.
The idea at that time was not to protect the author as it is today , but to restrict competition among the many publishers then located in or around London. Cultural history, however, also had an important impact on the use of plagiarized materials. This cannot be more evident than when Haidu, in , made the important observation that plagiarism is more than merely copying another person's art or writing, it also eliminates the need for further development of ideas and perceptions among artists, writers and other similar professions.
Pennycook, in , reported that this approach is similar to the western approach of plagiarism and therefore, although the art is clearly defined as usual in China, the western societies rely on their ability to interpret the material and formulate their own conclusions. To define plagiarism clearly from a ownership perspective, anyone who commits plagiarism to any extent is robbing himself or herself of the ability to develop originality and use history as a guide , not only a map from which an academic piece can be derived.
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Drawing upon previously established ideas and values and adding pertinent information in your paper are necessary steps, but these need to be done with caution without falling into the trap of plagiarism. Considered as a serious academic and intellectual offense, plagiarism can result in highly negative consequences such as paper retractions and loss of author credibility and reputation.
It is currently a grave problem in academic publishing and a major reason for retraction of research papers. It is thus imperative for researchers to increase their understanding about plagiarism. In some cultures, academic traditions and nuances may not insist on authentication by citing the source of words or ideas.
However, this form of validation is a prerequisite in the global academic code of conduct. The digital age too affects plagiarism. Researchers have easy access to material and data on the internet which makes it easy to copy and paste information. Conducting literature survey and wish to learn more about scientific misconduct?
Check out this resourceful infographic today! Guard yourself against plagiarism, however accidental it may be.
Sample paper about plagiarism: defining what is plagiarism as intellectual property and what academic writers should do to avoid plagiarizing. Defining plagiarism, why it is unethical, and what should be done to help others from stealing intellectual property without proper attribution. including The Office of Research Integrity.
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Research papers are typically five to 15 pages in length and include a thesis statement, support, and references. The writer should use formal English as a research paper will be academic in voice. This document will be formatted like an expanded essay. Plagiarism is a serious offense in academic research. Here are some tips on how to avoid plagiarism in research papers. Stay proactive and avoid any retraction chances!
The strategies discussed here can be used to combat what some believe is an increasing amount of plagiarism on research papers and other student writing. By employing these strategies, you can help encourage students to value the assignment and to . It is not a secret that every essay, research papers, dissertation, and other work that you create has to be written from scratch and contain % original content, which is why every text requires a check for plagiarism.