France and Belgium would never repeat an invasion of the Ruhr and Germany would never attack Belgium or France again. Britain and Italy agreed to police this part of the treaties.
Germany also accepted that the Rhineland must remain demilitarised. In other treaties, France promised to protect Belgium, Poland and Czechoslovakia if Germany attacked any one of them. Germany, Britain, France, Italy, Belgium, Poland and Czechoslovakia all agreed that they would never fight if they had an argument between themselves — they would allow the League to sort out the problem.
However, nationalists in Germany were furious with their government for signing these treaties. By signing, the German government effectively agreed that it accepted the terms of the Versailles Treaty of This to the nationalists bordered on treason and was totally unacceptable. Their claims of treason went unheard as Weimar Germany was experiencing an economic growth and the hard times of to were forgotten. Moderate politicians were the order of the day in Germany and the extreme nationalists such as the Nazi Party faded into the background.
The other major treaty which seemed to herald in an era of world peace was the Kellogg-Briand Pact of This pact was signed by 65 countries. All 65 nations agreed never to use war again as a way of solving disputes. Therefore, Europe was effectively lulled into a false sense of security by as the politicians of Europe had made it plain that war was no longer an option in solving disputes and that previous enemies were now friends.
Indeed, two new treaties implied that peace would be long-lasting. European politicians gathered in Switzerland in December to sign the Locarno Treaties.
These terms were agreed upon:. In signing the treaties, the German government infuriated diehard nationalists. To them, the acceptance of several terms of the Versailles treaty was tantamount to treason. But their cries of anger were muted. Weimar Germany's economy had started to recover from the doldrums of to Moderate politicians such as Gustav Stresemann gained widespread support; a mark of their progress was their success in persuading the world to let Germany into the League of Nations in The Kellogg-Briand Pact of also gave the world grounds for optimism.
Sixty-two signatories, including France, Belgium, the United Kingdom, the United States, Germany, Czechoslovakia and Poland, promised to never use war to resolve disputes with other nations.
B ut Europe had been lulled into a false sense of security. The Wall street crash of triggered the Great Depression. Germany was hit hard. Its stable political situation started to splinter and nationalists emerged from the political woodwork to take advantage of the economic turmoil. They rejected the Versailles and Locarno treaties and were ill- inclined to pander to the the League of Nations.
By , the Nazi party was the largest party in the Reichstag. Europe's peace had started to look a lot more fragile. German delegates in Versailles: These terms were agreed upon:
The History Learning Site, 17 Apr 7 Sep World War Two was not caused solely by short term events in the ’s such as Austria and Czechoslovakia. The anger and resentment that built up in Nazi Germany – and which was played on by Hitler during his rise to power and when he became Chancellor in January – also had long term causes that went back to the Treaty of Versailles.
Oct 06, · -This was a long term cause of World War II because it united Germany in hate for foreign nations, caused the German economy to be reliant on foreign loans, and created a desire among Germans to restore Germany to its former power.
SHORT TERM CAUSES Rise of fascist governments in Europe Fascist groups such as Nazi were gathering more and more support from the German public. A young man named Adolf Hitler, a war veteran from WW1, stood out strongly and appealed to German citizens. World War Two had long term causes that reached back to the Treaty of Versailles in Despite their defeat in World War One, many Germans felt that they had been unfairly treated and that the terms of the Treaty were overly harsh.
World War II was mainly caused by certain ideologies that made countries and dictators act violently to get what they want. Some of the main-long term causes include the rise of facism in Italy, the militarism of Japan, which invaded China in the s and the Nazi takeover of Germany. The Treaty of Versailles was one of the long-term causes of the Second World War. The Treaty was a result of the First World War and was to come up of ways to prevent another war from breaking out and to find out whom to blame for the war and how much each country owed/5(1).