So far, slavery itself was definitely not an issue. The North was far from unity on this point; it was vitally important for Lincoln to keep the support of Northern Democrats, most of whom had little or no objection to the continued existence of slavery in the south; and both he and the Congress itself were explicit in asserting that they wanted to restore the Union without interfering with the domestic institutions of any of the states.
In addition, there were the border states, Maryland and Kentucky and Missouri, slave states were sentiment apparently was pro-Union by a rather narrow margin, but where most people had no use at all for abolitionists or the abolitionist cause. If these states should join the Confederacy, the Union cause was as good as lost probably the most momentous to hold these states in the Union.
If he could help it, Lincoln was not going to fight a straight Republican war. We can write a Custom Essay on Civil War for you! While the Civil War was nominally fought to preserve the Union and free the Negro, the victors pursued the former objective only. Although released from bondage, the Negro eventually paid the price of national unification. It was they who decided that it was better than to reconcile the sections to each other rather than to pursue full equality for Negro Americans.
The End of hostilities marked the close of one epoch in the history of the United States and the beginning of another.
Certain issues had once and for all been settled. The protracted debate and sectional conflict over the nature of the Union were resolved by the arbitrament of arms. Ucial So too had there finally been decided the crucial problem of slavery. The seal of victory on the battlefield was placed upon the northern contention that human bondage could not exist in the American democracy. The future status of the Negro was still to be determined, and would give rise to no less controversial issue than those which war had solved, but neither slavery nor involuntary servitude would henceforth be countenanced within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
At the same time, the end of the Civil War meant a great deal more than even the settlement of these issues. At long last the energies of the American people were free to resume the tremendous task of building up a nation without being diverted by the fatal pull of North and South. The historic march across the continent was now to receive a fresh impetus in the northern states as thousands of settlers poured into the new West that lay beyond the Missouri; while even more importantly, the growth of manufactures in the northern states launched industrial production on a period of phenomenal expansion.
Underneath everything there was the fact that the Civil War was a modern war; an all- out war, as that generation understood the concept, in which everything that a nation has and does must be listed with its assets or its debits. Military striking oiwer in such a war is finally supported, conditioned, and limited by the physical scope and citalirt of the basic economy. Simple valor and devotion can never be enough to win, if the war once develops pasts its opening stages. And for such a war the North was prepared and the south was not prepared; prepared, nor in the sense that it was ready for the War—Neither side was in the least ready—but in the resources which were at its disposal.
The North could win a modern war and the south could not. Clinging to a society based on the completely archaic institution of slavery, the South for a whole generation had been marking a valiant attempt to reject the industrial revolution, and this attempt had involved it at last in a war in which the industrial revolution would be the decisive factor.
To a Southland fighting for its existence, slavery was an asset in the farm belt. The needed crops could be produced even though the army took away so many farmers, simply because slaves could keep plantations going with very little help. But in all other respects the peculiar institution was a terrible handicap.
Its existence had kept the South from developing a class of skilled workers, it had kept the South rural, and although some slaves were on occasion used as factory workers, slavery had prevented the rise of industrial strength, the South was fatally limited. It could put a high percentage of its adult white manpower on which the firing line ultimately was based. Producing ample supplies of food and fibers, it had to go hungry and inadequately clad; needing an adequate distributive mechanism, it was saddled with railroads and highways which had never been quite good enough and which now could not possibly be improved or even maintained.
The North bore a heavy load in the War. The proliferating casualty lists reached into every community, touching nearly every home. War expenditures reached what then seemed to be the incomprehensible total of more than two million dollars a day. War profiteers were numerous and blatant, and at times the whole struggle seemed to be waged for their benefits; to the very end of the war there was always a chance that the South might gain its independence, not because of victories in the field but because the people in the North simply found the burden too heavy to carry any longer.
With all of this war brought to the North, a period of tremendous growth and development. A commercial and industrial boom like nothing the country had imagined before took place.
During the first year, to be sure, times were hard: But recovery was rapid; the Federal government was spending as much money that no depression could endure, and by the summer of the northern states were waist-deep in property.
This increased demand northern farms met with effortless ease. There might have been a crippling manpower shortage, because patriotic fervor nowhere ran stronger than in the farm belt and a high percentage of the able-bodied men had gone into the army. But the War came precisely when the industrial revolution was marking itself on the farm. Until farm labor had been abundant and cheap, and these machines made there way slowly; now farm labor was scarce and high-priced, and the farmer who turned to machinery could actually expand his acreage and his production with fewer hands.
Although, it is probable that Civil War pushed the North into industrial age a full generation sooner than would otherwise have been the case. It was just ready to embrace the factory system in , but without the war its development would have gone more slowly. The war provided a forced draft that accelerated the process enormously.
By the northeastern portion of American had development compressed into four feverish years. In the long run it would have been far cheaper to purchase the abolition of slavery, although such a course was unthinkable to both sides in This was three to four times the total estimated value of slave in the Confederacy.
Both sides resorted to many similar financial measures: The overriding desire for victory led to sweeping measures on the South. Some affected the master-slave relationship. Southern slaveholders had defended their right to absolute control over their bondsmen in antebellum days.
When war came, they watched helplessly as the Confederate government and Southern states governments transferred hundreds of thousands of slaves from private plantations to more urgent labor in the war effort.
Slaves even become Confederate soldiers shortly before Appomattox. And throughout the war Southerners relaxed their close supervision of slave movements and activities. Normal political life also came to a halt in the South during the war.
In accordance with Calore cotton became very profitable in following the invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney. As a matter of fact, this machine greatly minimised the time used to separate seeds from cotton. Nevertheless, the number of plantation farmers willing to move from growing other crops to growing cotton increased leading to increased demand for large amount of cheap labor slaves.
Therefore, the economy of the south became a single crop economy that depended mainly on cotton and thus increased dependence on slavery 8. On the other hand, the economy of the North was mainly based on industry rather than agriculture.
Actually, the industries in the North purchased cotton from Southern farmers and converted it into finished products. This disparity between the North and the South set up a major economic difference. Basically, the North was based on city life while the South focused on the plantation system. This implied that the northern society evolved as people from different classes and cultures worked together. In contrast, the Southern people continued to hold onto an outdated social order.
However, by the early s, factories from the North were producing goods similar to those of the South and Northern politicians were in a position to pass heavy taxes on Southerner's goods so that people would prefer goods from the North. Consequently, these taxes really annoyed the Southerners Wendy , However, since the evolution time, two different camps emerged. One camp argued for greater state rights while the other camp argued that the federal government was supposed to have more control.
After the American Revolution, the first organized government in the United States was under the articles of confederation. In fact, the thirteen sates created a loose confederation with a federal government that was very weak. Apparently, strong proponents of state rights such as Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were absent from this meeting. In addition, most people felt that the newly formulated constitution had not considered the rights of sates to go on acting independently.
Moreover, they felt that the states ought to have the right to determine whether they had intentions of accepting certain federal acts or not. As a result, the notion of nullification came up; whereby the various states would have the right to declare federal acts as unconstitutional. Generally, the federal government had denied states this right. However, proponents like John C. Calhoun fought fervently for nullification. In , the Missouri Compromise made a rule that forbid slavery in states form the initial Louisiana Purchase 30 minutes latitude 36 degrees north with an exception of Missouri.
However, during the Mexican War, conflict emerged about the new territories that the United States expected to get upon victory. In , David Wiilmot proposed the Wilmot Proviso which would prohibit slavery in the newly acquired lands.
Nevertheless, this was shot down for further debate. The Compromise was formed by Henry Clay and others to handle the balance between free states and slave, southern and northern interests.
Artillery and Weapons of the Civil War - Every war, though happens for a reason and bring a better change, is often gruesome. The Civil War broke America in two groups and, at the time, was the war with the most casualties and injured men.
Nov 20, · Essay on The Civil War and Reconstruction The Civil War was the turning point in the US history, while the Reconstruction era has completed the achievements of the Civil War and changes launched by the war/5(10).
Experiences of the American Civil War (): Honor, Duty and Death Introduction The following pages are an essay on the cause of the American Civil War () and the effects that the war had upon the soldiers, women and African Americans of the North and the South. Civil War Essay The Civil War was the most divisive war in American history. In the early s, the United States experienced a growth of nationalism and unity, but it was replaced by sectionalism, leading to the Civil War.
The English Civil War: Causes Essay ‘The English civil war started in , primarily because of religious disagreements’. How far do you agree with this statement? On 22 august , Charles 1 declared war against hi enemies in parliament. This led to a civil war where 1 in 10 men died. horrific war began. Nobody had any idea that this war would become the deadliest war in American history. It wasn’t a regular war, it was a civil war opposing the Union in the North and the Confederate States in the South.