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How to Cite a Thesis in APA Format

How to Cite

❶Lisa Weinstein is an award-winning, California-based journalist specializing in education. Original work published Note that the page numbers of an article or chapter are preceded by "pp.

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Once you've completed your citation, check to make sure you've formatted it correctly and that the information provided is accurate. If the citation takes more than one line, use the hanging indent style after the first line. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

Make sure the entry is single-spaced. Typically you will double space between entries. Give the name of the author. The first part of any APA citation is always the last name of the author followed by their first and middle initials. This remains the same regardless of whether the dissertation is unpublished. Provide the year the dissertation was written. If a dissertation is unpublished, it stands to reason you won't have a year of publication. But you still need to answer the "when" question.

Check the title page to find out the date the dissertation was written. Type the full title of the dissertation. Use sentence-style capitalization for the title of the dissertation. This generally means you're only going to capitalize the first word. The title of the dissertation should be in italics. Manic-depressive behavior in early childhood Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Include the name of the institution and its location.

Since the dissertation isn't published, you need different information to answer the "where" question. Dissertations are kept on file at universities, so you want the name of the school where the dissertation was submitted. For example, "Vanderbilt University. Check the complete citation. Once you've completed your citation, proofread the entry carefully to make sure the information is correct and you've used the proper formatting. University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.

Single-space the entire entry, with a double-space between entries. List the name of the author. In-text citations typically are provided in parentheses after the information from that reference that you've included in your paper. Start the in-text citation with the last name of the author. If there is more than one author, separate their names with commas.

Use an ampersand before the last name listed in parenthetical citations. Provide the year of publication. Follow the author's last name with a comma, and then type the year the dissertation was published. If the dissertation is unpublished, this will be the year the dissertation was written. If you're citing more than one reference in the same parenthetical, separate the two with a semi-colon.

Integrate the author's name into your text if possible. If you find a record for the work in question, assume that it is published unless that record lists only an abstract i.

If you do not see it listed in this database, but know it was from a school in the United States, check with a reference librarian by sending an e-mail to askref [at] ciis [dot] edu. If the dissertation is from an institution in another country, and not listed in ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, see if you can find it through one of the other dissertation links on the CIIS Library Research Resources page.

Publication numbers are akin to the standard identification numbers for books ISBNs , and will make it easier for future researchers using your work to unambiguously identify the work you are citing. How can you find the publication number? You will find it in the citation; publication numbers usually begin with the letters AAT, with several numbers following, as in these two examples:.

I ain't fattening frogs for snakes: An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice by Crowe, Byron Dan, Ph. Multimodal expressive arts therapy and pain management by Kasai, Aya, M. Title in italics Doctoral dissertation. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. An inquiry into the application of creativity research to teaching practice Doctoral dissertation.

Title in italics Master's thesis.


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Dissertation – A document submitted to earn an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, at a university. Citing a thesis or dissertation from a database Structure: Last, F.M. (Date published). Title (Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis).

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3) CIIS citation formats – APA, MLA, Chicago, AAA 1) Are dissertations published or unpublished – and how can I tell the difference? The majority of dissertations done at institutions in the United States and Canada – including CIIS – and some dissertations from institutions in other countries are published through ProQuest/UMI.

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Use italics and "sentence-style" capitalization for dissertation / thesis titles. Identify the work as a doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis in parentheses after the title. If the paper was retrieved through a library database, give the . Thesis/Dissertation – Institutional Database (i.e. University website) For U.S. thesis do not include university or locations. Include the university and location (City and Country) .

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Good job citing! Now get peace of mind. Scan your paper for grammar mistakes and catch unintentional plagiarism. Use italics and "sentence-style" capitalization for dissertation / thesis titles. Identify the work as a doctoral dissertation / master’s thesis .